Epidemiology of leprosy in Kermanshah province from 2003 to 2008

authors:

avatar Hossein Kavuossi 1 , * , avatar Farid Najafi 2 , avatar Alireza Janbakhsh 3 , avatar Kayghobad Ghadiri 4

Dept. of Dermatology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Dept. of Biostatistic and Epidemiology, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Dept. of Infectious Diseases, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Dept. of Pediatrics, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

how to cite: Kavuossi H, Najafi F, Janbakhsh A, Ghadiri K. Epidemiology of leprosy in Kermanshah province from 2003 to 2008. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2010;13(4):e79588.

Abstract

Background: Although leprosy is an endemic disease in Iran, it has been reduced rate over recent years. The present study has been conducted to investigate epidemiology of incident cases over last 6 years.
Methods: A descriptive study designed to investigate all reported cases of leprosy in Kermanshah Province from 2003-2008. Data was collected from leprosy referral center in Kermanshah. Data was analyzed using descriptive methods and Stata software. The incidence of leprosy was calculated by dividing the total number of new cases in each year to total population of Kermanshah Province.
Results: Overall, 41 cases of leprosy have been diagnosed over the period of study. From total of 41, three cases referred from outside of Kermanshah province and excluded from analysis. The mean age of patients was 49.6±13.9. The highest and the lowest number of cases were diagnosed in 2004 (14 cases) and 2005(3 cases) respectively. Most of lesions occurred in upper and lower limbs (10 cases) 32 cases diagnosed as lepromatous leprosy. Kermanshah city, Javanroud and Salas-Babajani had the highest number of patients. Overall, the incidence of this condition was less than 1/100,000 in each year.
Conclusion: We concluded that leprosy has been eliminated in Kermanshah province and even adding the undiagnosed patients does not change this conclusion.

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