Introduction and Objectives: Urinary tract infection (UTI) is one of the most important diseases among children and young infants. Imaging evaluations in pediatric UTI is done to determine predisposing factors and high-risk children. We evaluated two pediatric groups (younger and older than 5 years) with first UTI and normal ultrasonography of urinary tract, to determine the rate of VUR.
Materials and Methods: In this cross-sectional descriptive study, 104 of 320 children were studied using Cystourethrography. The results were compared in patients younger or older than 5 years.
Results: 21 (21.2% ) and 83 (79.8%) patients were older or younger than 5 years. VUR was seen in 4 (19%) and 18 (21.7%) of the older and younger groups, with no statistically significant difference between the two groups.
Discussion: Probably VCUG has significant importance in radiologic evaluation of the first UTI of the children older than 5years old, and in presence of normal ultrasonography. We recommend additional studies.
Urinary tract infection
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