Social Well-Being of Iranian Older Adults and its Relationship with Socio-Demographic Variables

authors:

avatar Pouya Farokhnezhad Afshar 1 , avatar Mahshid Foroughan 2 , * , avatar AbouAli Vedadhir 3 , avatar Mahmoud Ghazi Tabatabaei 4

Iranian Research Center On Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran
Iranian Research Center of Aging, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Science, Tehran, Iran
Department of Anthropology, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Department of Demography & Population Studies, Faculty of Social Science, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran

how to cite: Farokhnezhad Afshar P, Foroughan M, Vedadhir A, Ghazi Tabatabaei M . Social Well-Being of Iranian Older Adults and its Relationship with Socio-Demographic Variables. Shiraz E-Med J. 2017;18(Suppl):e58667. doi: 10.5812/semj.58667.

Fulltext

Background: Health consists of physical, psycho and social well-being. Social well-being in individual level is a combination of psychological well-being about community. The importance of social well-being is high among the older adults for a different reason such as social isolation and loneliness.

Methods: This is a cross-sectional study which was conducted in Tehran, capital of Iran, in 2016. The participants were community-dwelling older adults selected by using the multistage cluster sampling strategy across the city. We used Social Well-being Scale (SWS) for collecting data.

Results: Three hundred older adults completed the scale. Mean age was 66.39 ± 6.98 years; 60% were male. The data revealed that the older participants were at moderate level in terms of social well-being. Social well-being in these older people was significantly related to their marital status (P= 0.03), level of education (P= 0.03), employment status (P<0.01), housing status (P<0.01), financial (P<0.01) and health status (P<0.01).

Conclusions: Social well-being in older people is linked to having pension, house ownership, being employed, prospers financial status, education, good health and married status.

References

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