currently being studied in experimental animals and patients with epilepsy. In the present study, we
investigated the role of serine/threonine protein phosphatases in the inhibitory effects of LFS on
perforant path kindling acquisition.
Materials and Methods: Sixty four male Wistar rats were stimulated by perforant path
stimulation in a rapid kindling manner (6 stimulations per day). The LFS (1 Hz) was applied
immediately after termination of each kindling stimulation. The FK506 (1μM; i.c.v.), a
serine/threonine protein phosphatase PP2B inhibitor and okadaic acid (1μM;i.c.v.), a
serine/threonine protein phosphatases PP1/2A inhibitor, were daily microinjected into the left
ventricle 10 min before starting the stimulation protocol. A two-way ANOVA was done to compare
the seizure parameters of different groups. The effect of LFS on behavioral seizure scores was
analyzed using the nonparametric Kruskal Wallis and Mann Whitney U tests. P value less than
0.05 was considered as the level of significance.
Results: Appling LFS immediately after kindling stimulation significantly retarded the kindling
acquisition and delayed the expression of different kindled seizure stages. In addition, LFS
significantly reduced the increment of daily after-discharge duration during kindling development.
Microinjection of neither FK506 nor okadaic acid had significant effect on the antiepileptogenic
effect of LFS on kindling parameters.
Conclusion: Our findings showed that activation of PP1/2A and PP2B, which play a critical
role in LFS, induced down-regulation of synaptic strength, had no role in mediating the inhibitory
effects of LFS on perforant path kindled seizures.
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