Histopathological effects of electric welding fumes on liver in Rats


avatar Mohammad reza Arab 1 , * , avatar L Roosta 2 , avatar Fereydoon Sargolzaei Aval 1 , avatar maryam heydari 3 , avatar Mehrbod Karimi 4

Anatomy Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.
General physician.
Biochemistry Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zabol University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zabol, Iran.
Pathology Dept, Faculty of Medicine, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences and health services, Zahedan, Iran.

how to cite: Arab M R, Roosta L, Sargolzaei Aval F , heydari M, Karimi M. Histopathological effects of electric welding fumes on liver in Rats. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2005;7(2):e94964.


Background: Increasing daily development of industry is intimately associated with obligatory
use of electric welding process in light and heavy industrial companies. Recent studies showed
some deleterious effects of welding fumes generated during electric welding on human bodies in
circulatory, blood, gastrointestinal, respiratory and reproductive systems. The aim of the present
study was to define the histopathological effects of welding fumes on liver cells and its enzymes in a
conditioned medium in gas exposure chamber in Rat as an experimental model.
Methods and Materials: A total number of 60 Sprague Dawley Rats were chosen and divided into
experimental (40) and control (20) groups. Each group was subdivided into 2, 4, 6 and 8-week
subgroups. The number of Rat in each subgroup of experimental and control group was 10 and 5,
respectively. Experimental group Rats were exposed to fumes of electric welding for 2 hour/day and
5 day/week. The rate of air turn over in exposure chamber was fixed to 12-15/hour. The amount of
O3, CO, CO2, NO + NO2 and particulate matter were measured by Galtec detectors and Cellulose
acetate filter, respectively. According to timetable animals were killed and specimens from liver
and blood were taken, tissue specimens fixed in formaline buffer solution and processed routinely.
Sections with 5-7 micrometer in thickness were stained by H-E, PAS, PNA, WGA and Alcian blue
pH=2.5. The enzyme activity was measured and data were analyzed by Kruskall Wallis and Mann
Whiney NPAR tests.
Results: The results of this study showed the presence of small quantities of Gal/GalNac in the
sub endothelial connective tissue of central venule and also sialic acid and GluNac in endothelial
cells of sinusoid in liver. PAS staining showed that the amount of glycogen particle in hepatocyte
changed in experimental group especially in peripheral cells of classic lobule. Statistical analysis
showed that there was no any statistically significant difference for alkaline phosphatase, ALT and
AST between all studied groups.
Conclusions: It seems that hepatocytes and its own serum enzyme activity changes are time
dependent after exposure to welding fumes. The future studies will probably showed the exact role
of these fumes in hepatocyte and its relation to pathophysiology of liver diseases.


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