The retraction is a public statement about an earlier statement that will be removed from the journal. The retraction may be initiated by the journal's editors or by the author(s) of the paper. However, since the editors are responsible for the journal's content, they always decide to retract the material. The journal editors may retract publications even if all or some authors refuse to retract the publication.
Only published items can be retracted. Publications should be retracted as soon as possible when the journal editors are convinced that the publication is seriously flawed and misleading (or is redundant or plagiarized).
Authors sometimes request that articles be retracted when authorship is disputed after publication. If there is no reason to doubt the validity of the findings or the reliability of the data, it is not appropriate to retract a publication solely for an authorship dispute. In such cases, the journal editor should inform those involved in the conflict that s/he cannot adjudicate in such cases. Still, they may be willing to publish a correction to the author/contributor list if the authors/contributors (or their institutions) provide appropriate proof that such a change is justified.
The retraction has no separate fee. A retracted article is a published article, and consequently "article acceptance fee" will be applied to retracted articles.
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