Withdrawal vs. Retraction

Last Update: 2022-02-06 23:35:28

What is the difference between a withdrawn article and a retracted article in Brieflands journals?

To find out more about the probable coverage of retraction and withdrawal of an article, we describe their similarities and differences below.


  Withdrawal Retraction
Definition Take back an article from a journal, either by the Author or EIC, just before final publishing or in "In press." Publishing a new related article defining that a previously published one is not correct or needs a change
Old PDF Format of the article Will be removed It will remain only after adding a watermark on each page, saying the article has been retracted.
Old HTML Format of the article
  • Nothing will remain except title, authors, and affiliations.
  • An additional "[Withdrawn Article]" will be added to the beginning of the title.
  • The body of the article will be changed to "This article is withdrawn by EIC or Authors request."
  • The article will be published in a regular issue.
  • The abstract will remain.
  • The body of the article will be changed to "This article is retracted by EIC or Authors request."
  • An additional "[Retracted Article]" will be added to the beginning of the title.
  • A link to the retraction note will be available and working.
Indexing Sources?


  • A WITHDRAWN: text will be added to the beginning
  • The abstract will be replaced with Ahead of Print article withdrawn by the publisher.


  • A new article with the exact reason for retraction will be published.
  • The old article's text and citations will remain unchanged unless an updated note indicates Retraction in JOURNAL. YESR MONTH; VOL(ISSUE): eID.


The old article's status might be

In any state which is not finally published yet, such as:

  • Pre-Review
  • Peer Review
  • Pre-Publish
  • In Press Published (Ahead of Print)
Final Published (Article is published with Vol/Issue)
A New Article is Not required Required and must be from the type of RETRACTION
Guidelines PubMed / COPE Cases PubMed COPE


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