Background: Colorectal cancer (CRC) is the third common malignancy all over theworld. Modern life styles affecting nutritional habits have been providing apotential impact on CRC. This study aims to assess the nutritional characteristics in CRC patients of Golestan province, Northeast of Iran.
Methods: All incident CRC cases (N47) in northeast of Iran (2004-2005) and a matched number of healthy persons were selected as cases and controls respectively. The subects filled the Questionnaires containing socio-demographic and nutritional characteristics (FFQ).
Results: Data analysis showed that Total Energy Expenditure (TEE) higher than1 837.5 Kcal/ day (first quartile of TEE) was significantly related to CRC risk (0R 3.8; 95% Cl:1.2 - 11.3); no other relationship was reported.
Conclusions: Findings suggested that higher levels of total energy expenditure may increase the risk of CRC about 4-fold. We also found that there are relationships between CRC and high fat diets or cooking methods. Nutritional interventions should be considered as an important part in colorectal cancer prevention programs.
Nutrition and risk factor
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