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Advantages and Challenges of Telecardiology and Providing Solutions for Its Successful Implementation: A Scoping Review

AUTHORS

avatar Nasim Aslani ORCID 1 , avatar Ali Garavand ORCID 1 , * , avatar Saeed Jelvay ORCID 2 , avatar Masoumeh Maleki ORCID 3 , avatar Mina Lazem 4 , avatar Sadegh Sharafi 2

1 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Lorestan University of Medical Sciences, Khorramabad, IR Iran

2 Department of Health Information Technology, Abadan University of Medical Sciences, Abadan, IR Iran

3 Department of Health Information Technology, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

4 Department of Health Information Management, School of Health Management and Information Sciences, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Aslani N, Garavand A, Jelvay S, Maleki M, Lazem M, et al. Advantages and Challenges of Telecardiology and Providing Solutions for Its Successful Implementation: A Scoping Review. Int Cardio Res J. 2022;16(1):e122111.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 16 (1); e122111
Published Online: March 15, 2022
Article Type: Review Article
Received: December 20, 2021
Revised: February 09, 2022
Accepted: February 21, 2022
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Abstract

Context: Implementation of health information technologies such as telecardiology has
always been associated with many challenges. Identifying these challenges and planning
to address them can lead to success in their implementation. The present study aimed
to identify the advantages and disadvantages of using telecardiology and to provide
solutions for its successful implementation based on the obtained results.
Evidence Acquisition: This scoping review was conducted in 2021. A search was done in
PubMed, Scopus, and Web of Science databases by combining the related keywords. The
data were gathered using an excel sheet data extraction form after applying the article
selection steps. Then, data analysis was done through the content analysis method and
the results were summarized and reported based on the study objectives.
Results: Totally, 30 articles were included in the study based on the inclusion and
exclusion criteria. The advantages of telecardiology were divided into eight main
categories, namely facilitating healthcare providing processes, medical education,
healthcare quality, increasing Health Care Providers’ (HCP) performance, reducing
costs, availability and accessibility of healthcare services, data management, and
patient monitoring. Additionally, the challenges of telecardiology implementation were
classified into six categories; i.e., economic and financial difficulties, the nature of heart
disease, human resources, difficulties related to Information Technology (IT), wearable
devices challenges, and uncertainty of results.
Conclusion: Telecardiology systems are recommended to be used more to provide
healthcare services to remote and rural areas as well as those with a lack of specialists.
Due to the challenges facing the successful implementation of telecardiology, preliminary
studies such as feasibility studies and acceptance and initial pre-implementation
evaluations are warranted.

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References

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© 2022, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.
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