Background: This research was carry out with aim of study of factors affecting the IQ of children 4-6 years old born preterm.
Materials and Methods: This analytical-cross sectional study was carried out on 102 premature children with age 4-6 years old during years 2004 to 2006. The tools used in this study were Wechsler intelligence scale for children and questioner including demographical characteristic. In this study we used t-test and spearman correlation and also SPSS-18 was used to analyze data.
Results: In this study there was statistical relationship between normal child development and gestational age, birth weight, maternal education, multiple pregnancies, but there were not any statistical significant relationship between the history of preterm birth and child s gender, consanguinity parents, apgar, mother job.
Conclusion: IQ in preterm babies who admitted in the NICU was lower than non-admitted preterm or term babies.
Neonatal Intensive Care Unit (NICU)
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