Comparison of Effectiveness of the Metacognition Treatment and the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Treatment on Global and Specific Life Quality of Women with Breast Cancer

authors:

avatar Soheila Rahmani 1 , avatar Siavash Talepasand 1 , * , avatar ALi Ghanbary-Motlagh 2

Dept. of Psychology and Educational Sciences, Semnan University, Semnan, Iran
Radiation and Oncology Center, Imam Hossein Hospital, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

how to cite: Rahmani S, Talepasand S, Ghanbary-Motlagh A. Comparison of Effectiveness of the Metacognition Treatment and the Mindfulness-Based Stress Reduction Treatment on Global and Specific Life Quality of Women with Breast Cancer. Int J Cancer Manag. 2014;7(4):e80555.

Abstract

Background: This study is conducted to compare the metacognition treatment and the mindfulness-based stress reduction treatment on life quality of women with breast cancer.
Methods: In a quasi-experimental design, with pre-test, post-test and control group, 36 patients with diagnosis of breast cancer, among patients who referred to the Division of Oncology and Radiotherapy of Imam Hossein hospital in Tehran, were selected in accessible way and were assigned randomly to three experimental groups, the first group receiving meta-cognition treatment (n=12), the second one receiving mindfulness-based stress reduction program (n=12), and the other was the control group. Participants completed global life quality in cancer patient's questionnaire and specific quality of life in breast cancer patient's questionnaire in three stages: baseline, after intervention and twomonth follow-up. Data were analyzed using the multivariate repeated measurement model.
Results: Findings showed both treatments were effective in improving global and specific quality of life in patients with breast cancer. The mindfulness - based stress reduction treatment excelled in functions and roles, fatigue, pain, future perspective and treatment side effects symptoms at the end of the treatment and follow-up in comparison to the metacognition treatment.
Conclusion: Results of this research showed the mindfulness-based stress reduction treatment can be effective in improving global and specific life quality of women with breast cancer and is a selective method for improving quality of life in patients.

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