Effect of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure

authors:

avatar Maryam Kalhornia Golkar 1 , * , avatar Shokohosadat Banijamali 2 , avatar Hadi Bahrami 1 , avatar Hamidreza Hatami 3 , avatar Hasan Ahadi 4

Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Humanistic& Social Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Education & Psychology, Alzahra University, Tehran, Iran
Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Social Sciences, Imam Hossein Comprehensive University, Tehran, Iran
Dept. of Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj, Iran

how to cite: Kalhornia Golkar M, Banijamali S, Bahrami H, Hatami H, Ahadi H. Effect of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014;18(8):e74039. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i8.1993.

Abstract

Background: High blood pressure is the most important risk factor of cardiovascular diseases. This study was conducted to evaluate the efficacy of spiritual therapy on blood pressure, anxiety and quality of life in patients with high blood pressure.
Method: This study was quasi-experimental with a pretest-posttest and control group design. The sample consisted of 30 patients with high blood pressure refering to Kangavar Healthcare center that were selected through convenience sampling and randomly divided into two experimental and control groups. The instrument for data collection included Cattel’s Anxiety Scale, the World Health Organization Quality of Life and a manometer. After assigning the sample into two groups, the experimental group received spiritual therapy in addition to pharmaceutical therapy, while control group only received drug treatment.
Results: Analysis of covariance showed spiritual therapy reduced the systolic blood pressure and anxiety of patients. Also, it increased the patients’ quality of life, however, it did not have a significant effect on the diastolic blood pressure of patients.
Conclusion: It is concluded that spiritual therapy as a useful method to improve the anxiety, quality of life and blood pressure of patients with high blood pressure.  

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