Background:Scoliosis is a three-dimensional deformity of the spine that is commonly assessed through measuring the Cobb angle.
Objectives:In this study, a Cobb angle measurement decision support system (CaMDSS) was presented to provide a repeatable and reproducible procedure for Cobb angle measurement in idiopathic scoliosis patients.
Methods:We used the OpenCV and the Numpy library for image processing and system design. A series of 98 anterior-posterior radiographs from patients diagnosed with idiopathic scoliosis were used to assess the repeatability and reproducibility of CaMDSS. Five independent observers performed the measurements, and each image was analyzed by each observer three times with a minimum interval of two weeks between measurements. Both the intra- and inter-observer reliability were obtained using the single measure intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) value. The mean absolute difference (MAD) and the standard error measurement (SEM) were calculated for all corresponding intra- and inter-observer reliability estimates.
Results:Statistical results for the inter-observer analysis showed that the MAD between manual and CaMDSS was less than 3º, and the ICCs ranged from 0.94 to 0.99. The combined SEM between all five observers for intra-observer measurements of the manual method and CaMDSS was 1.79º and 1.27º, respectively. The inter-observer reliability of CaMDSS was excellent as the ICC value of 0.97 with 95% CI was obtained. The CaMDSS mean absolute difference was 2.18 ± 2.01 degrees.
Conclusion:Our study showed CaMDSS was an efficient and reliable method to assess the scoliotic curvature in Thoraco-Lumbar standing radiographs with the possibility of expediting clinic visits, ensuring the reliability of calculation, and decreasing the patient’s exposure to radiation.
Cobb Angle Decision Support System Scoliosis Spine Deformity Radiography Image Processing