Sustained ventricular fusion simulating a biventricular pacing


avatar Vincenzo Carbone 1 , * , avatar Vincenzo Marafioti 2 , avatar Maria Pia Calabro 3 , avatar Giuseppe Oreto 1

Department of Clinical and Experimental Medicine, University of Messina, Messina, Italy
Cardiovascular and Thoracic Department, University Hospital of Verona, Verona, Italy
Department of Pediatrics, University of Messina, Messina, Italy

how to cite: Carbone V , Marafioti V, Pia Calabro M, Oreto G. Sustained ventricular fusion simulating a biventricular pacing. Int J Cardiovasc Pract. 2017;2(1):e130056.


An electrocardiogram from a patient implanted with a dual-chamber DDD pacemaker showed paced QRS complexes whose morphology and frontal-plane axis were consistent with biventricular stimulation with right ventricular lead located at the apex. However, some electrocardiographic findings were suggestive, rather, of univentricular right apical pacing and sustained ventricular fusion with competing native atrioventricular conduction in the presence of patient's spontaneous QRS showing right bundle branch block plus left anterior hemiblock. Shortening atrioventricular delay with magnet application advanced right ventricle stimulation and prevented the supraventricular impulse to contribute to ventricular depolarization, thereby making clear the mechanism of right v


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