Intramural Ventricular Septal Defect


avatar Sedigheh Saedi 1 , avatar Mozhgan Parsaee ORCID 2 , *

Assistant Professor, Department of Cardiology, Rajaei Cardiovascular Medical and Research Center, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Associate Professor, Department of Cardiology, Echocardiography Research Center, Rajaei Cardiovascular, Medical and Research Center, Tehran, Iran

how to cite: Saedi S , Parsaee M. Intramural Ventricular Septal Defect. Int J Cardio Pract. 2017;2(3):e130066. doi: 10.21859/ijcp-020304.


Intramural ventricular septal defects (VSDs) are less frequently encountered but clinically significant type of residual interventricular communications seen after complex congenital heart surgeries. Hemodynamically significant intramural VSDs can lead to higher postoperative morbidity and mortality. This case highlights the clinical challenges including the need multiple interventions faced in affected patients.


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© 2017, Cardiovascular Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medicl Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.