Determination of Arterial Compliance Using Thoracic Bioimpedance to Predict the Presence of Heart Diseases

authors:

avatar Souhir Chabchoub 1 , * , avatar Sofienne Mansouri 1 , avatar Ridha Ben Salah 2

Higher Institute of Medical Technologies of Tunis, Laboratory of Biophysics and Medical Technologies, University of Tunis El Manar, Tunis,Tunisia
College of Applied Medical Sciences, Salman Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj, Saudi Arabia

how to cite: Chabchoub S , Mansouri S, Ben Salah R. Determination of Arterial Compliance Using Thoracic Bioimpedance to Predict the Presence of Heart Diseases. Int J Cardio Pract. 2018;3(2):e130262. doi: 10.21859/ijcp-03202.

Abstract

Introduction: Thoracic bioimpedance is a simple, cost-effective, and non-invasive tool used generally to determine several hemodynamic parameters. Based on this technique, the cardiac output and the stroke volume are the most common parameters used for diagnosing heart diseases. This study aims to investigate the ability of the arterial compliance parameter to predict or detect the presence of heart diseases.
Methods: two groups of young subjects participated in this study: a control group consisted of 10 subjects including 2 athletes and a group of 10 patients with various heart diseases. The thoracic bioimpedance recordings are used to determine the arterial compliance for the 2 groups of subjects. Statistical analyses are performed using the Student’s t-test and the ROC curve analysis.
Results: Experimental results show that the arterial compliance is significantly lower in patients with heart diseases compared to control subjects (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The arterial compliance is a potentially useful hemodynamic parameter which could be successfully used to predict or detect the presence of heart diseases.

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© 2018, Cardiovascular Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medicl Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.