Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction and Microvascular Angina


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how to cite: Coronary Microvascular Dysfunction and Microvascular Angina. Int J Cardio Pract. 2022;4(3):e130556. doi: 10.29252/ijcp-26713.


Many patients present with myocardial ischemic symptoms, but fail to be diagnosed of obstructed coronary artery disease, since the normal coronary arteries or no any atherosclerosis stenosis ��������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������������� 50% at coronary angiography. Myocardial ischemia can be caused by either abnormalities of epicardial coied according to microvascular structure (embolization and stenosis), microvascular function and blood risk factors in this paper. The CMD related diseases including cardiac X syndrome and coronary slow flow would be better uniformly named as microvascular angina. While little data supported therapies for CMD related diseases so far, the blood healthy therapy as a novel method is recommended to treat microvascular angina, especially in the patients with high hematocrit, increased blood viscosity and coronary slow flow.


© 2022, Cardiovascular Research Center of Shahid Beheshti University of Medicl Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.