Impact of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Cardiac Transplantation outcome

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how to cite: Impact of Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation on Cardiac Transplantation outcome. Int J Cardio Pract. 2022;4(3):e130561. doi: 10.29252/ijcp-26340.

Abstract

Introduction: Donor heart shortage limits heart transplantations programs while the number of patients waiting for cardiac transplant continues to increase. Optimizing the use of all available donor hearts is a vital key to reduce waiting list mortality. Among different extended criteria, prolong cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), i.e. more than 20 min, has been considered under doubt to be a selection criterion in donor selection. The aim of this study was to compare the outcomes of heart transplantation from cardiopulmonary-resuscitated donors to those who received hearts from donors who did not require cardiopulmonary resuscitation.Methods: This study was a retrospective analysis of adult heart transplantation program in Masih Daneshvari Hospital in Tehran, Iran from 2010 to 2019. Donors and recipients�������������������������������������������������������������������� it were investigated. Qualitative variables were compared using Chi-square test. Quantitative variables were compared using T-test. Patient and graft survival rates were calculated using the actuarial method and compared using Wilcoxon's test.Results: Among 92 recipients, 39 were transplanted with cardiac grafts from CPR-suffering donors. There were no significant differences regarding sex, age, donor and recipient hospitalization periods, early rejection and 1-year-survival rate considering CPR and non-CPR grafts. However, we detected a strong negative correlation between the duration of CPR and 3-year-survival rate (P = 0.02 and R-value = -0.62) and also its association with post-transplant arrhythmias (P = 0.04).Conclusion: There is a negative possible influence of long-lasting CPRs (especially more than 20 minutes) in midterm survival and post-transplant complications.

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