Clinical Endocrinology in the Islamic Civilization in Iran


avatar Iraj Nabipour 1 , *

Boushehr University of Medical Sciences, Boushehr, I. R. Iran.

how to cite: Nabipour I. Clinical Endocrinology in the Islamic Civilization in Iran. Int J Endocrinol Metab. 2003;1(1):e102818. 


Endocrinology is the study of cell-to-cell connection by messenger molecules traversing an extracellular space. It has drawn on the labor of researchers from various branches of science. During the past fifty years, physiology, biochemistry, immunology and molecular biology, especially, have had the greatest impact. However, the development of our understanding of the endocrine system closely parallels the evolution of clinical sciences from prehistoric times to the present. The torch of medicine was in the hands of Muslims in the historical period from ancient Athens to the Renaissance. Iranian medical scientists during the glorious Islamic civilization had a great progress in medicine. Their excellent clinical observations and physical examinations influenced the fields of internal medicine including clinical endocrinology. Here the clinical views of four renowned Iranian clinicians on endocrinology are briefly discussed .


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© 2003, International Journal of Endocrinology and Metabolism. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.