Health Locus of Control in Patients With Graves-Basedow Disease and Hashimoto Disease and Their Acceptance of Illness

authors:

avatar Malgorzata Anna Basinska 1 , * , avatar Anna Andruszkiewicz 2

Kazimierz Wielki University in Bydgoszcz, [email protected], Poland
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Torun, Poland

how to cite: Basinska M A, Andruszkiewicz A. Health Locus of Control in Patients With Graves-Basedow Disease and Hashimoto Disease and Their Acceptance of Illness. Int J Endocrinol Metab.10(3): 537-542. doi: 10.5812/ijem.3932.

Abstract

Background:

Adaptation to a chronic somatic disease depends on a variety of factors, including belief in health locus of control.

Objectives:

Correlation between health locus of control and illness acceptance in patients with Graves-Basedow and Hashimoto diseases as well as correlation between health locus of control, illness acceptance, sex, and age.

Patients and Methods:

Three methods were applied: Multidimensional Health Locus of Control Scale by K.A. Wallston, B.S. Wallston and R. DeVellis; the Acceptance of Illness Scale by B.J. Felton, T.A. Revenson, and G.A. Hinrichsena; and a personal questionnaire. Two groups were subject to the research: 68 patients with Graves-Basedow disease and 54 patients with Hashimoto disease.

Results:

Patients with Graves-Basedow disease, women above all, have their health locus of control in other persons (P = 0,001) and are less inclined to accept their illness (P = 0,005) when compared to patients with Hashimoto disease. A statistically significant correlation occurred between the age of patients and external (i.e., in other persons) health locus of control.

Conclusions:

Beliefs in health locus of control and type of illness in female patient group are predictors of illness acceptance (P = 0,0009).

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