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Electrocardiography Changes in Children with Epileptic and Non-epileptic Seizures Compared to Controls

AUTHORS

avatar Noormohammad Noori ORCID 1 , avatar Alireza Teimouri ORCID 1 , * , avatar Ali Khajeh ORCID 1 , avatar elham shafighi shahri ORCID 1

1 Children and Adolescents Health Research Center, Research Institute of Cellular and Molecular Science in Infectious Diseases, Zahedan University of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, IR Iran

How to Cite: Noori N, Teimouri A, Khajeh A, shafighi shahri E. Electrocardiography Changes in Children with Epileptic and Non-epileptic Seizures Compared to Controls. Int Cardio Res J. 2022;16(1):e120859.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 16 (1); e120859
Published Online: March 15, 2022
Article Type: Research Article
Received: November 01, 2021
Revised: January 16, 2022
Accepted: March 15, 2022
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Abstract

Background: Epilepsy, febrile convulsion, and breath-holding spells are neurological
diseases affecting the heart.
Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate electrocardiography alterations in children
with epilepsy, febrile convulsion, and breath-holding spells compared to controls.
Methods: This case-control study was conducted on 360 children aged 0.5 - 5 years
in Zahedan, Iran. The children with epilepsy, febrile convulsion, and breath-holding
spells were diagnosed by a single neurologist based on the standard definition.
Electrocardiography was also performed by a pediatric cardiologist. The data were
analyzed using the SPSS 20.0 software, and P < 0.05 was considered statistically
significant.
Results: Among the participants, 160 (44.4%) were female. Females also comprised
45.6%, 42.2%, 38.9%, and 51.1% of the participants in the epilepsy, febrile convulsion,
breath-holding spells, and control groups, respectively. QTd was different in the epilepsy
group compared to the controls and patients with breath-holding spells (P < 0.001).
Additionally, QTc was significantly different in the epilepsy group in comparison to the
controls (P < 0.001) and patients with breath-holding spells (P = 0.020), in the controls
compared to the patients with febrile convulsion (P < 0.001), and in the controls in
comparison to the patients with breath-holding spells (P < 0.001). QTcd was also different
in the epilepsy group compared to the controls (P < 0.001), patients with breath-holding
spells (P < 0.001), and those with febrile convulsion (P = 0.006) as well as in the controls
in comparison with the patients with febrile convulsion and breath-holding spells (P <
0.001). Finally, QT was different in the patients with breath-holding spells compared to
those with epilepsy (P = 0.005), in the patients with breath-holding spells in comparison
with the controls (P = 0.002), and in the patients with breath-holding spells compared to
those with febrile convulsion (P < 0.001).
Conclusions: The present study findings indicated that QT dispersion was different in the
epilepsy group compared to the patients with breath-holding spells, corrected QT was
different in the epilepsy group compared with the patients with breath-holding spells,
QTc dispersion was different in the epilepsy group in comparison with the patients with
breath-holding spells and febrile convulsion, and QT was different in the patients with
breath-holding spells compared to those with epilepsy and febrile convulsion.

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References

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