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The Predictive Role of Fear of COVID-19 and Lockdown Fatigue in Coronavirus Anxiety among Patients with Congenital Heart Disease

AUTHORS

avatar Boshra Shirzad ORCID 1 , avatar Maryam Bakhtiari ORCID 1 , * , avatar Ali Vafaei ORCID 1 , avatar Samane Soltanabadi ORCID 2 , avatar Nima Hajitabar ORCID 1 , avatar Amir Sam Kianimoghadam ORCID 1 , avatar Abdollah Amirfarhangi ORCID 3

1 Student Research Committee, Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Medicine, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

2 Department of Clinical Psychology, School of Behavioral Sciences and Mental Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tehran, IR Iran

3 Rasool Akram General Hospital, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran

How to Cite: Shirzad B, Bakhtiari M, Vafaei A, Soltanabadi S, Hajitabar N, et al. The Predictive Role of Fear of COVID-19 and Lockdown Fatigue in Coronavirus Anxiety among Patients with Congenital Heart Disease. Int Cardio Res J. 2022;16(2):e123394.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

International Cardiovascular Research Journal: 16 (2); 61-66
Published Online: June 30, 2022
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 12, 2022
Revised: June 21, 2022
Accepted: July 06, 2022
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Abstract

Background: The prevalence of coronavirus and its health-related psychological
consequences such as fear and anxiety has been one of the most important health
concerns in the 21st century.
Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the predictive role of fear of COVID-19 and
lockdown fatigue in coronavirus anxiety among patients with Congenital Heart Disease
(CHD).
Methods: This descriptive-correlational study was conducted through path analysis. The
statistical population included the patients with CHD referred to Shahid Rajaei Hospital
and Tehran Heart Center, 105 of whom were selected using convenience sampling. The data
were collected using the Coronavirus Anxiety Scale (CAS), Fear of COVID-19 Scale (FCV-
19S), and Lockdown Fatigue Scale (LFS). The reliability and validity of these scales were
approved in the previous studies. After all, the data were entered into the SPSS 21 software
and were analyzed using Pearson’s correlation test and step-wise regression analysis.
Results: The study was conducted on 105 participants (6% males and 94% females) aged
20 to above 41 years. Considering marital status, 5% of the participants were single,
94% were married, and 1% were divorced. In addition, the participants’ education levels
ranged from diploma and lower degrees to postgraduate and higher degrees. According
to the findings, coronavirus anxiety was positively correlated to the fear of COVID-19 (r
= 0.509, P = 0.000) and lockdown fatigue (r = 0.466, P = 0.000) in patients with CHD. The
results of step-wise regression analysis showed that based on the calculated coefficient of
determination, 31% of the variability of coronavirus anxiety could be explained by the
fear of COVID-19 and lockdown fatigue.
Conclusions: The study findings indicated that the fear of COVID-19 and lockdown
fatigue could predict coronavirus anxiety. Therefore, interventions are recommended
to be designed based on the introduction of programs concerning coronavirus anxiety,
which may help reduce the anxiety and fear experienced by these patients. They can
also be used as prevention programs to help prevent the onset of coronavirus anxiety in
patients with CHD.

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References

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© 2022, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences.
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