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Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Middle-Aged Women


avatar Poorandokht Afshari 1 , avatar Poorandokht Barzin 1 , * , avatar Shahnaz Najar 1 , avatar Mohammadhosain Haghighizade 2

1 Nursing and Midwifery College, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Health College, Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz , IR Iran

How to Cite: Afshari P, Barzin P, Najar S, Haghighizade M. Prevalence of Chronic Diseases in Middle-Aged Women. Jundishapur J Chronic Dis Care.3(4):23347.
doi: 10.17795/jjcdc-23347.


Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care: 3 (4); 23347
Published Online: October 19, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: April 27, 2014
Accepted: June 13, 2014



During middle age, a lot of changes happen in all physical, mental, social, and family aspects of women that may greatly affect the development of diseases and mortality risk.


This research was conducted to determine the extent of chronic diseases in middle-aged women visiting healthcare treatment centers in Ahvaz.

Materials and Methods:

This was a descriptive research study carried on 1266 women of 45-64 years old who were selected using the multistage sampling method. The necessary information was collected through a self-designed questionnaire and analyzed using SPSS V21. Descriptive statistics, t test, and analysis of variance (ANOVA) was performed at 95% level of confidence.


Results showed that 46.8% of these women had one or more chronic diseases as follows: hypertension 12.5%, diabetes mellitus 7.5%, diabetes mellitus with heart diseases or high blood pressure 8.8%, heart diseases 5.8%, heart diseases together with high blood pressure 3.5%, and other diseases 8.7%. The effect of age, number of children, death of husband, occupation, ability to look after oneself, and do housework independently, degree of education, economic status (P < 0.001), age at marriage, and ethnicity (P = 0.001), on chronic diseases were significant.


Considering our results and high prevalence of chronic diseases, especially high blood pressure and diabetes mellitus, in middle-aged women, greater attention must be paid to the screening and monitoring programs of these chronic diseases.

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© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Chronic Disease Care. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.