academic journalism

Effects of Toluene on Rat Kidney


avatar Massumeh Ahmadizadeh 1 , , avatar Simin Amirmoezy 2 , avatar Tayyebeh Pole 2

1 Physiology research center, toxicology research center, Social determinants of health research center, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

2 Department of Occupational Health Engineering, School of Health, Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences, Ahvaz, IR Iran

How to Cite: Ahmadizadeh M, Amirmoezy S, Pole T. Effects of Toluene on Rat Kidney. Jundishapur J Health Sci.6(1): 351-356.


Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences: 6 (1); 351-356
Published Online: January 9, 2014
Article Type: Research Article


Occupational exposure to Toluene is associated with development and progression of renal failure. However, the cellular mechanisms by which these agents cause renal dysfunction and injury remain elusive. The present study investigates the effect of Toluene on animal model (rat) kidney to present a broader understanding of the mechanism by which Toluene causes renal injury.
Adult male rats received Toluene at doses of 300, 600 and 900 mg/kg for seven consecutive days. Control group received vehicle only, and 24 hours later, animals were euthanized with overdose of sodium pentobarbital. Blood was collected for determination of BUN and creatinine (CR). Kidney tissues were removed, fixed and processed for light microscopy and determination of glutathione (GSH). Ten animals were used for each group.
Biochemical and histopathological observations indicated that Toluene produced injury in the kidney. Statistical analysis indicated significantly increased BUN, CR and decreased GSH levels as compared to control values. Toluene induced dose-dependent injury in kidney.
The finding that Toluene induced injury in proximal convoluted tubular cells suggests that kidney may metabolize Toluene in situ to a nephrotoxic metabolite. The observation that Toluene depleted GSH level in kidney support the view that generation of oxidative stress is responsible for its toxicity.

Full Text

Full text is available in PDF

© 2014, Jundishapur Journal of Health Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.