Comparison of the effect of topical application of human milk and dry cord care on the bacterial colonization of umbilical cord in newborn infants

authors:

avatar Fatemeh Abbaszadeh 1 , avatar zanab Hajizadeh 2 , avatar Mahboobeh Kafaei Atrian 3 , * , avatar Azam Bagheri 1 , avatar Nahid Sarafraz 1

Dept. of Midwifery, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran
Shahid Beheshti Hospital, Kashan University of Medical Science, Kashan, Iran
Dept. of Midwifery, Kashan University of Medical Sciences, Dept. of Health Promotion, Fcaulty of Health, Iran University of Medical Sciences, International Branch, Kashan, Iran

how to cite: Abbaszadeh F, Hajizadeh Z, Kafaei Atrian M, Bagheri A , Sarafraz N. Comparison of the effect of topical application of human milk and dry cord care on the bacterial colonization of umbilical cord in newborn infants. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2014;18(1):e74269. doi: 10.22110/jkums.v18i1.1342.

Abstract

Background: Breast milk contains significant amounts of compounds that act as natural antimicrobial agents. This study was conducted to compare the effect of topical application of human milk and dry cord care on bacterial colonization in the umbilical cord of newborn infants.
Methods: This clinical trial study was carried out on 174 infants in Kashan.  The newborns were randomized to mother's milk group and dry cord care group from the birth. In group 1, the mother rubbed her own milk on the cord stump every 12 hours from 3 hours after birth to 2 days after the umbilical cord separation. In group 2, the mother was recommended not to use any material on the cord. Then, the cord samples were taken four times; 3hours after birth, at days 3 and 7, and 2 days after the umbilical cord separation.
Results: The findings of the culture two days after umbilical cord separation indicated that low percentage of neonates in the breast milk (23.1%) and dry cord care (28.8%) groups had bacterial colonization. Moreover, no significant difference was found between the two groups in terms of growth of pathogenic organisms and normal flora of the skin (P>0.05).
Conclusion: Given the low prevalence of pathogenic microorganisms in the two groups, it seems using breast milk and dry cord care are equally effective methods of taking care of umbilical cord.

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