A comparative study of prevalence for anxiety disorders in Bipolar I patients with or without opioid dependency

authors:

avatar Atefeh Ghanbari Jolfaei 1 , * , avatar Amir Shabani 2

Minimally Invasive Surgery Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Mental Health Research Center, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

how to cite: Ghanbari Jolfaei A, Shabani A. A comparative study of prevalence for anxiety disorders in Bipolar I patients with or without opioid dependency. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2013;16(8):e77280.

Abstract

Background: Anxiety disorders and substance abuse are commonest comorbidities among Bipolar I Disorder (BID) patients. This study investigated the prevalence of anxiety disorders among BID patients based on their dependency on opioid.
Methods: In this cross sectional study the BID patients in Iranian hospital of psychiatry were divided into two 89-patient groups; one group was considered as opioid dependent and the other as non-dependent. Then clinical characteristics and prevalence of anxiety disorders were inspected by demographic and clinical questionnaire, the Structured Clinical Interview for DSM-IV axis I disorders (Persian version), Hamilton Rating Scale for Depression and Young Rating Scale for Mania. The collected data were analyzed using T-test, Chi square and logistic regression.
Results: Among anxiety disorders, only panic disorder was significantly different  between two groups of BID patients
Conclusion: There is a different correlation between opioid dependency and comorbidity of various types of anxiety disorders in BID patients.

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