Psychosocial risk factors in patients with cardio-vascular diseases in Kermanshah (2006)

authors:

avatar Jalal Shakeri 1 , avatar Nasrin Jaberghaderi 1 , avatar Mansour Rezaei 2 , * , avatar Mojgan Saeedi 1 , avatar Mehdi Naleini 3 , avatar Abdorrasoul Moloodi 4

Dept. of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Dept. of Biostatistics, School of Health, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Center for Prevention and Rehabilitation of Cardiac Patients, Imam Ali Cardiac Hospital, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran
Dept. of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Kermanshah, Iran

how to cite: Shakeri J, Jaberghaderi N, Rezaei M, Saeedi M, Naleini M, et al. Psychosocial risk factors in patients with cardio-vascular diseases in Kermanshah (2006). J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012;16(3):e78801.

Abstract

Background: The present study is the one in which a wide range of socio-psychological risk factors were analyzed with a focus on patients with cardio vascular diseases (CVD) in Kermanshah, Iran. The aim of this study is to assess psycho-social risk factors status in patients with CVD in Kermanshah.
Methods: In this survey 308 subjects (168 men and 140 women), who had been diagnosed as CVD patients in the last year completed the psycho-socio-medical risk factors check list, Beck depression inventory, state-trait anxiety inventory of Spielberger, hostility- anger inventory of Buss & Perry and type A interview form of Rosenman.
Results: Men significantly had higher educational and better marital status than women. Clinical depression, both moderate trait and state anxiety, type A dominant personality, hostility and anger were prevalent in the participants. There were significant differences between men and women regarding these psychological risk factors. Women generally reported more negative features as compared to men. In fact, they were more introspective than men, and men were more aggressive than women.
Conclusion: Psycho-social risk factors and gender status both appeared to be determinants of physical well-being. Both CVD patients and others at risk might benefit from preventive actions and psychological interventions.

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