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Self-efficacy and perceived benefits / barriers on the AIDs preventive behaviors


avatar Mahmood Karimy 1 , * , avatar Shamsadin Niknami 2

1 Dept. of Social Health, Saveh School of Nursing, Arak University of Medical Sciences, Saveh, Iran

2 Dept. of Health Education, School of Medicine, Tarbiat Modarres University, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Karimy M, Niknami S. Self-efficacy and perceived benefits / barriers on the AIDs preventive behaviors. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2012;15(5):e79027.


Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 15 (5); e79027
Published Online: January 19, 2012
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 11, 2011
Accepted: June 21, 2011


Background: Drug users (opiate dependency) account for about 65% of all AIDS cases in Iran. Drug injection has been identified as the most common way of HIV transmission in these patients. This study aimed to determine self-efficacy, and perceived benefits / barriers of AIDs preventive behaviors in opiate dependency.
Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted in 2009.The study population was 86 drug user men at Re-birth association in Zarandieh city. The data were collected using self-administered questionnaires includeing demographic characteristics, perceived benefits/barriers of self-efficacy and AIDS preventive behaviors. Data was analyzed with ANOVA, regression and correlation coefficients and descriptive statistical methods.
Results: Regression analysis showed that age, education level, knowledge and perceived benefits/barriers, self-efficacy, all together explain 28% of AIDS preventive behaviors variance.  Perceived barriers and self- efficacy were the most important predicting factor. 63% of the samples believed that they have ability of HIV-preventive behaviors.
Conclusion: The study showed the relationship of perceived benefits/barriers, self- efficacy with AIDS preventive behaviors. It is suggested that the findings of this study may be used as a basis for designing interventions to improve better performance in the concerned area.



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© 2012, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.