The Effect of Composed Precede-Proceed Model, Social Cognitive and Adult Learning Theories to Promote Safety Behaviors in Employees


avatar H Sanaenasab 1 , avatar Fazlollah Ghofranipour 1 , * , avatar A Kazemnejad 1 , avatar A Khavanin 1 , avatar R Tavakoli 1


how to cite: Sanaenasab H, Ghofranipour F, Kazemnejad A, Khavanin A, Tavakoli R. The Effect of Composed Precede-Proceed Model, Social Cognitive and Adult Learning Theories to Promote Safety Behaviors in Employees. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2008;12(1):e80105.


Introduction: Based on the reported studies, approximately 90 percent of workplace accident is due to unsafe behaviors and human errors, even though, in a safe work conditions. So, the most important strategy in reducing the rate of these accident is training workers regarding the safe behaviors. The current study is going to determine the effects of a safety education program on promoting healthy and safe behaviors among workers using the Precede-Proceed Model integrated with both social cognitive and adult learning theories.
Materials and Methods: This paper is the report of a randomized clinical trial study done on 191 factory workers of Razi Petrochemical Company Mahshar City. The participants were divided into two groups (96 in case group and 95 in control group). Data was collected using a questionnaire and a checklist. Two months later, the data recollected and was analyzed. Based on distribution of variables, parametric (t-test, paired t-test) or nonparametric (Mann Whitney, Wilcoxon) tests were utilized to analyzethe data.
Results: The result indicated that the mean scores of knowledge, attitude and behaviors of safe behaviors in case group increased statistically significant and the observed difference in control group was not significant. The result also indicated that unsafe behaviors in the case group decreased, following the educational intervention. The difference, again, was not statistically significant in the control group.
Conclusion: The results showed that application of mentioned integrated models has an acceptable and positive influence on promoting safe behaviors of workers working in Mahshar Company. It is, therefore, recommended that some educational programs be useful for other and similar industries.


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© 2008, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.