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Reasons for Riding Motorcycles and Taking Risky Behaviors: A Qualitative Study


avatar F Zamani Alvijeh 1 , avatar Shamsaldin Niknami 1 , * , avatar E Mohamadi 1 , avatar F Ahmadi 1 , avatar F Qafranipour 1 , avatar A Montazeri 1

1 Iran

How to Cite: Zamani Alvijeh F, Niknami S, Mohamadi E, Ahmadi F, Qafranipour F, et al. Reasons for Riding Motorcycles and Taking Risky Behaviors: A Qualitative Study. J Kermanshah Univ Med Sci. 2008;12(1):e80131.


Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: 12 (1); e80131
Published Online: June 19, 2008
Article Type: Research Article
Received: February 08, 2008
Accepted: May 13, 2008


Introduction: Motorcycling is a risky activity and motorcyclists are vulnerable to road accidents. The behavior of motorcyclists is a significant factor of accident. Unfortunately there is little information regarding social and mental characteristics of motorcyclists which lead to the accident. The purpose of this study was to gain an in-depth qualitative understanding of reasons for riding a motorcycle and taking risky behaviors in Iranian motorcyclists.
Materials and Methods: In this Study qualitative study in which sampling was derived from diverse situations. Data were collected in diverse times and places of Tehran such as hospitals, house, street, and police station. Focus groups and in-depth interviews were conducted with 22 motorcyclists, pillion passengers and police. Interview data were supplemented with observations and police report. Interviews were of semi structure and nonstructure forms and were done from March 2007 to January 2007. Data were analyzed using content analysis.
Results: The results revealed four major themes for choosing to ride a motorcycle: I) using a fast and convenient vehicle to get through traffic, II) occupational necessities, iii) emotional needs, iv) easy for foul playing and breakaway.
Conclusion: These findings provide evidence that there are many different reasons that motivate people to ride a motorcycle and these in turn  affect preventing strategies.


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© 2008, Journal of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.