Frequency of Djinnati Syndrome among Inpatient Admissions at Baharan Psychiatric Hospital in Zahedan, Iran

authors:

avatar Sanaz Ghasemi 1 , avatar Mohsen Kianpoor 2 , * , avatar Fatemeh Shahabizadeh 3 , avatar Maryam Yousefi-Tabas 4

MSC of Clinical Psychology, Imam Ali Hospital, Zahedan, Iran
Department of Psychiatry, Zahedan Univers ity of Medical Sciences, Zahedan, Iran
Department of Clinical Psychology, Birjand Branch, Islamic Azad University, Birjand, Iran
MSC of Clinical Psychology, Baharan Psychiatric Hospital, Zahedan, Iran

how to cite: Ghasemi S, Kianpoor M , Shahabizadeh F, Yousefi-Tabas M. Frequency of Djinnati Syndrome among Inpatient Admissions at Baharan Psychiatric Hospital in Zahedan, Iran. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014;16(10(suppl)): -.

Abstract

Background: A culture-bound syndrome common in Baluchistan is Djinnati that is classified as trance and possession state, a sub-class of dissociative disorders NOS, in DSM IV-TR. The present study aims to determine the frequency of Djinnati syndrome among in-patients at Baharan psychiatric hospital in Zahedan, Iran.
Materials and Methods: In this descriptive study, the statistical community includes all patients (N=773) who were admitted in Baharan psychiatric hospital during a 6 months period. After considering the inclusion and exclusion criteria, 150 subjects (61 males and 89 females) were selected. Semi-structural interview and Dissociative Experience Scale (DES) questionnaire were performed for them. Spearman’s rank correlation coefficient, χ2, and t-tests were employed for analysis of data in SPSS-18.
Results: Frequency of Djinnati syndrome among patients admitted in this referral psychiatric hospital was 4.1% and this syndrome showed a significant dominance in female sex (M/F=1/3). There was also a positive and significant correlation between child abuse and dissociative experiences including Djinnati.
Conclusion: The study has shown that dissociative disorders NOS, in the form of trance and possession states (such as Djinnati), are not rare especially in the eastern parts of Iran and among poor and young women. It is important to define Djinnati syndrome in this region and prepare medical students and psychiatric residents for diagnosing and managing this condition. Its relationship with child abuse should be considered in preventive medicine.

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