Effect of Participation in Aerobic Dancing Classes on Psychological Well-Being of Male Students

authors:

avatar Kamal Esalat-Manesh 1 , * , avatar Hassan Mohammadzade 2 , avatar Ahmad Farokhi 3 , avatar Reza Ghasemnejad 4

Department of Physical Education, Physical Education Office, Ministry of Sciences, Tehran, Iran
Department of Motor Behavior, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sceinces, Urmia University, Urmia, Iran
Department of Physical Education, Faculty of Physical E ducation and Sport Sciences, Tehran University, Tehran, Iran
Department of Sport Management, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sceinces, Kharazmi University, Tehran, Iran

how to cite: Esalat-Manesh K , Mohammadzade H, Farokhi A, Ghasemnejad R. Effect of Participation in Aerobic Dancing Classes on Psychological Well-Being of Male Students. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2014;16(9): -.

Abstract

Background: In the recent decades, the positive psychology considered as an ability of human being which are provided appropriate studies in well-being and happiness domains. In this way, the purpose of current research was to identify the effect of aerobic dancing on psychological well-being of non-athletic male students.
Materials and Methods: The research method was of a quasi-experimental nature in the form of a time-series design using experimental and control groups. 40 non-athlete students (21.6±1.82 years old) from General physical Education 1 course in Birjand University were randomly selected and assign to two groups. The Ryff's scales of psychological well-being were used to analyze the psychological well-being parameters in the pre-test and post-test of training. The training protocol was including 12 weeks, and 3 seasons (60 minutes) per week that each subject in experimental group received 15 minutes warm-up, 30 minute aerobic training and 15 minutes cool-down and relaxation training.
Results: The results of repeated measure analysis of variance indicated significant differences in psychological well-being and its subdivisions in the 3 phases of tests in the experimental group (p<0.01). Moreover, the results of t-test showed the positive influence of 12 weeks aerobic training on psychological well-being of the student boys (first post-test, p<0.001; second post-test, p<0.001), and well-being scores of aerobic group was higher than control group.
Conclusion: The result of the present research emphasizes the factors affecting on psychological well-being as well as its ways to promote of well-being. Implications of these findings are discussed among exercise psychologists.

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