Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 3200 female high school students of 14-18 years old in Shiraz. Data collection tools include questionnaires containing personal details, clinical Hyperandrogenism features (acne, alopecia and hirsutism based on Freeman-Galway scale) and test results. The ultrasound was conducted based on Adams criteria. The data results are analyzed using SPSS-15 software and χ2 and t statistical tests.
Results: In this study, the frequency of hirsutism is 3.2%, prevalence of acne is 5% and alopecia is 4.2%. Mean of free testosterone (1.647±0.835) was higher in the group with hirsutism, acne and alopecia. Independent t-test showed no significant relationship between patients with hirsutism, acne and alopecia and non-affected people in terms of mean of total testosterone and free testosterone. However, there is a significant relationship between people with acne and hirsutism and polycystic ovary compared with those with acne and hirsutism and those without polycystic ovary (p >0.05).
Conclusion: This study indicated that clinical and chemical hyperandrogenism can be a criterion to diagnose with polycystic ovary syndrome, but ultrasound was not helpful.
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