The Impact of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety of Patients Experiencing Coronary Angiography


avatar homyra tahmasebi 1 , * , avatar Ghahraman Mahmoodi 1 , avatar Vahid Mokhberi 2 , avatar Soghra Hassani 1 , avatar Homeyra Akbarzadeh 1 , avatar Niloofar Rahnamai 1

Department of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Mazandaran, Iran
Department of Cardiology, School of Medicine, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Mazandaran, Iran

how to cite: tahmasebi H, Mahmoodi G, Mokhberi V, Hassani S, Akbarzadeh H, et al. The Impact of Aromatherapy on the Anxiety of Patients Experiencing Coronary Angiography. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2012;14(3):e93565.


Background: Anxiety among patients experiencing coronary angiography increases within invasive studies including angiography. Anxiety as an intensifier at cardiovascular reactions can endanger patients in angiography clinics. Studies indicate that lavendula spica L. inhalation can decrease anxiety. The purpose of this study is to determine the impact of aromatherapy on the anxiety level of patients experiencing coronary angiography.
Materials and Methods:  This research is a clinical trial study performed on a group of 96 patients hospitalized in Sari Fatemeh-Zahra Hospital for coronary angiography who were randomly selected. They were divided in two subject (45 patients) and control (46 patients) groups. Demographic data sheets, recording sheet of homodynamic variables and Spielberger state-trait anxiety inventory were distributed among the two groups before and after aromatherapy. The data were analyzed using SPSS-16 as well as statistical T-test and chi-square test.
Results: The two groups were homogenous in terms of gender, marital status, level of education, sickness background, age and health insurance. The data indicated that anxiety level decreased significantly in the subject group compared with the control group after aromatherapy (P < 0.0001). There was also a significant difference in systolic and diastolic blood pressure and respiratory rate as well as heartbeat parameters in these two groups. (P<0.05)
Conclusion: Lavendula aroma inhalation can decrease anxiety level of patients before coronary angiography and accordingly aromatherapy can be used as health care intervention and mental support, without any side effects, for the patients before invasive interventions such as angiography.


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© 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.