Background: It is believed that adolescents suffer from dysmenorrhea but premenstrual syndrome (PMS) is not a common and prevalent disorder. Recently, some studies indicated that PMS and premenstrual dysphoric disorder (PMDD) were common problems among students and prevalence of premenstrual symptoms reported differently due to socio-cultural characteristics. The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of PMS and PMDD in a group of Iranian adolescent students.
Materials and Method: In this descriptive study, 142 students (aged 14-18years) from high schools of Zahedan (southeast of Iran) were selected and asked to complete the PMS questionnaire, including symptoms of PMS and demographic characteristics.
Results: The findings of current study showed that 142 participants 83.1% (n=118) of them had PMS and about 57.7% (n=82) met the criteria for DSM-IV for MDD. Also, 28.2% of participants with PMS and 26.8% of those with PMDD reported that severity of symptoms interfered with their function and adjustment. Most common symptoms were breast pain (100%), gastric pain (53.5%), tiredness or lethargic (51.4%), backache (47.2%) and joint or muscle pain (38.7%). Mean of severity of symptoms was higher in students aged 16 (p=0.05).
Conclusion: The prevalence of PMS and PMDD were common among the adolescents, thus systematic and well designed programs and interventions for prevention and management of PMS was highly recommended.
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© 2012, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.