Epidemiology of dysmenorrhea with dietary habits and exercise

authors:

avatar zahra molazem 1 , avatar fatemah alhani 2 , * , avatar Monireh Anoosheh 2 , avatar S. Abolfazl Vagharseyyedin 3

Assistant Professor of Nursing, School of nursing & midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences and Health Servises, Shiraz, Iran.
Associate Professor of Nursing, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
Instructor of Nursing, School of Nursing, Islamic Azad University, Birjand Branch, Iran.

how to cite: molazem Z, alhani F, Anoosheh M, Vagharseyyedin S A. Epidemiology of dysmenorrhea with dietary habits and exercise. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2011;13(3):e94014.

Abstract

Background: Primary dysmenorrhoea has an important effect on women's quality of life. The aim of this study was to determine the epidemiology of primary dysmenorrhea and its relationship with exercise and dietary habits among high-school girls.
Material and Methods: In this cross- sectional study, a cluster sample of 200 high-school girls was selected. Data were collected by a researcher-made questionnaire and a Visual Analogue Scale for measuring pain.
Results: The prevalence of dysmenorrhea was 91%. The severity of pain has a negative significant correlation with consumption of particles of food and dried fruits and a positive significant relationship with consumption of the cucumber, meat, and dairy products. There was a significant different between severity of dysmenorrhea and doing or not doing exercise.
Conclusion: High prevalence of dysmenorrhea and correlation between dietary habits and exercise with dysmenorrhea indicates the necessity for education and more researches around different food regimes.

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© 2011, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.