Social support and Self-care Behaviors in Diabetic Patients Referring to Yazd Diabetes Research Center


avatar Mohammad ali Morowatisharifabad 1 , * , avatar N Rouhani Tonekaboni 1

Dept of controll diseases, Faculty of Health, Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Yazd, Iran.

how to cite: Morowatisharifabad M A, Rouhani Tonekaboni N. Social support and Self-care Behaviors in Diabetic Patients Referring to Yazd Diabetes Research Center. Zahedan J Res Med Sci. 2007;9(4):e94760.


Background: Social support is known as a health behavior facilitator which is correlated with
adherence of self care behaviors among diabetic patients. The aim of this study was determining the
status of this construct and its correlated factors and also its association with self care behaviors in
diabetic patients.
Materials and Methods: This analytical and cross-sectional study was carried out on 120
patients who referred to Yazd diabetes research center. A questionnaire was used for data
collection which measured perceived social support and self care behaviors constructs.
Questionnaire was completed with a private interview of subjects. Subjects' demographic variables
were also enquired. Validity and reliability of the questionnaire was assessed and approved.
Results: Subjects earned 58.1 % of earnable score of social support which was due to 56.4% of
earnable score of supportive family behaviors and 39.4% of earnable score of nonsupportive family
behaviors. Among self care dimensions, correct taking of drugs was at the lowest rate of perceived
support and general cares of diabetes was at the highest level. Perceived nonsupportive family
behaviors, was significantly more common among women. Perceived social support was positively
associated with self care behaviors (r=0.253). Perceived supportive family behaviors also was
correlated with self care behaviors but the correlation of perceived nonsupportive family behaviors
and self care behaviors was not statistically significant. Perceived social support predicted only 6.4
% of variance in self care behaviors while perceived supportive family behaviors predicted 9.1% of
variance in self care behaviors.
Discussion: Perceived family support level was not at a favorite level and some dimensions of self
care behaviors such as correct taking of drugs was at a worse situation. Attention to family support
in educational programs for increasing self care behaviors among diabetic patients is highly


The full text of this article is available on the PDF file.


  • 1.

    The References of this article are available on the PDF file.

© 2007, Zahedan Journal of Research in Medical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.