Background: Rahbdoid tumor of kidney (RTK) is a childhood rare neoplasm, previously thought as a sarcoma variant of Wilms’ tumor, but now is recognized as a distinct pathologic entity.
Method: We report a pathologically proved case of RTK, associated with brain mass in a 4.5-month-old girl that has referred for gross hematuria. Shortly after initiating chemotherapy, because of retractile vomiting, convulsion, and cerebral salt wasting syndrome.
Result: A tumor mass has found in mid-brain and pons in brain CT scan.
Conclusion: Because of association of RTK with same or other pathologic brain masses, CT or MR of brain is recommended for all pathologically proven rhabdoid tumors or for patients with neurologic symptoms.
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