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Effect of Cystoscopy on Prostate-Specific Antigen, New Words about Old Subject


avatar Bijan Rezakhaniha 1 , * , avatar N Arian Pour 2 , avatar S Siroosbakhat 2

1 Department of Urology, Imam Reza Hospital, Military University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

2 Faculty of Medicine, Military University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran

How to Cite: Rezakhaniha B, Arian Pour N, Siroosbakhat S. Effect of Cystoscopy on Prostate-Specific Antigen, New Words about Old Subject. Int J Cancer Manag. 2010;3(4):e80717.


International Journal of Cancer Management: 3 (4); e80717
Published Online: December 31, 2010
Article Type: Research Article
Received: September 05, 2010
Accepted: October 02, 2010


Background: Prostate Specific Antigen (PSA) is a protein currently used in conjunction with the digital rectal examination to detect and guide management of prostate cancer. There are several causes of increase in serum PSA including urological manipulations, medications, prostatic diseases, prostate cancer, prostate inflammation or infection, etc. some studies had reported cystoscopy to cause transient increases in PSA. The present study has been undertaken with an aim to find out the effect of rigid cystoscopy on serum PSA level.
Methods: One hundred two men referring to clinic of urology of Imam Reza Hospital from 2008 to 2010 were included in this study. Their age ranged from 31-88 years with the mean of 65.85 years. Our inclusion criteria were having an indication for cystoscopy like BPH, erection disorder, signs related to prostate or bladder carcinoma. Patients with positive urine culture, any medication affecting PSA level, history of urinary retention, any urological manipulations a few days before and ejaculation 48-72 hours before PSA assessment were excluded from the study. Blood samples were taken before and 24 hours after cystoscopy for PSA measurement. PSA was measured by Sandwich ELISA test using PSA kit (pishtaz kit - made in Iran) containing monoclonal antibody.
Results: PSA level of the study cases varied from 0.1 to 21 ng/ml. Mean PSA values before and after cystoscopy were 3.004± 3.34 and 2.92 ± 2.98 respectively indicating that after cystoscopy not only PSA value did not raise but also decreased to some extent.
Conclusion: Our findings indicate that, cystoscopy has no effect on PSA value and does not lead to its elevation. It can be concluded that serum PSA after rigid cystoscopy is an accurate and reliable finding to decide about patients condition related to prostate cancer.


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