Early Maladaptive Schemas in Development of Addictive Disorders as Parts of the Complex Addiction Jigsaw


avatar Mark D Griffiths 1 , *

International Gaming Research Unit, Psychology Division, Nottingham Trent University, Nottingham, UK

how to cite: Griffiths M D. Early Maladaptive Schemas in Development of Addictive Disorders as Parts of the Complex Addiction Jigsaw. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2014;3(3):e16746. https://doi.org/10.5812/ijhrba.16746.


  • 1.

    Griffiths MD, Larkin M. Editorial conceptualizing addiction: the case for a “complex systems” account. Addict Res Theory. 2004;12(2):99-102.

  • 2.

    Griffiths MD. A'components' model of addiction within a biopsychosocial framework. J Substance Use. 2005;10(4):191-7.

  • 3.

    Parke J, Griffiths MD. The psychology of the fruit machine: The role of structural characteristics (revisited). Int J Ment Health Addict. 2006;4(2):151-79.

  • 4.

    Bakhshi Bojed F, Nikmanesh Z. Role of early maladaptive schemas on addiction potential in youth. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2013;2(2):72-6. [PubMed ID: 24971278]. https://doi.org/10.5812/ijhrba.10148.

  • 5.

    Ball SA, Cecero JJ. Addicted patients with personality disorders: traits, schemas, and presenting problems. J Pers Disord. 2001;15(1):72-83. [PubMed ID: 11236816].

  • 6.

    Brotchie J, Meyer C, Copello A, Kidney R, Waller G. Cognitive representations in alcohol and opiate abuse: the role of core beliefs. Br J Clin Psychol. 2004;43(Pt 3):337-42. [PubMed ID: 15333236]. https://doi.org/10.1348/0144665031752916.

  • 7.

    Burglass ME, Shaffer H. Diagnosis in the addictions I: Conceptual problems. Adv Alcohol Subst Abuse. 1983;3(1-2):19-34. [PubMed ID: 6680271].

  • 8.

    Larkin M, Wood RTA, Griffiths MD. Towards addiction as relationship. Addict Res Theory. 2006;14(3):207-15.

  • 9.

    Wakefield M, Flay B, Nichter M, Giovino G. Role of the media in influencing trajectories of youth smoking. Addiction. 2003;98(Suppl 1):79-103. [PubMed ID: 12752363].

  • 10.

    Wood RT, Griffiths MD. Adolescent lottery and scratchcard players: do their attitudes influence their gambling behaviour? J Adolesc. 2004;27(4):467-75. [PubMed ID: 15288755]. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.adolescence.2003.12.003.

  • 11.

    Demetrovics Z, Griffiths MD. Behavioral addictions: Past, present and future. J Behav Addict. 2012;1(1):1-2.

  • 12.

    Larkin M, Griffiths MD. Response to Shaffer (1996): The Case for a 'Complex Systems' Conceptualisation of Addiction. J Gambl Stud. 1998;14(1):73-82. [PubMed ID: 12766435].

  • 13.

  • 14.