The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Training on Increasing Self-Concept's Measure and the Attitude Style Toward Narcotic Drugs in Tonekabon Addicted Prisoners

authors:

avatar Ali Reza Mohammadi Arya 1 , avatar mahmoud shirazi 2 , * , avatar Abbas Ali Hossien khanzadeh 3 , avatar Fatemeh Lachinnani 4 , avatar Fahimeh Yoosefi Joubari 5 , avatar Zohreh Halajian 5 , avatar Salar Dosti Sarabi 5 , avatar Matloob Ahmed Khan 6

Department Educational Psychology, University of Social Welfare and Rehabilitation Sciences, Tehran, IR Iran
Department of Psychology, University of Sistan and Baluchestan, Zahedan, IR Iran
Department of Psychology, University of Guilan, Rasht, IR Iran
Eighteen District of Ministry of Education, Tehran, IR Iran
Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University of Tonekabon Branch, Tonekabon, IR Iran
Department of Psychiatry, School of Medicine, University of Addis Ababa, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia

how to cite: Mohammadi Arya A R, shirazi M, khanzadeh A A H, Lachinnani F, Yoosefi Joubari F, et al. The Effectiveness of Cognitive-Behavioral Training on Increasing Self-Concept's Measure and the Attitude Style Toward Narcotic Drugs in Tonekabon Addicted Prisoners. Int J High Risk Behav Addict. 2013;2(1):e93557. doi: 10.5812/ijhrba.4335.

Abstract

Background: The existing studies have indicated that persons with positive attitude and believe to narcotics have more addiction than those with negative or natural attitudes. The aim of the present study was to specify the effectiveness of cognitive-behavioral training on increasing of self-concept's measure, and the attitude style toward narcotic drugs in addicted prisoners of Tonekabon.
Objectives: The objective of this study was to assess the effects of cognitive-behavioral training on increasing self-concept and the attitude style toward narcotic drugs.
Patients and Methods: Statistical population included 450 persons. After screening, 65 entered the study. Among them, 40 persons were selected randomly and allocated in experimental and control group. Self-concept and gauge attitude questionnaire were used to gather the data. The program of cognitive–behavioral training was executed at 12 weekly sessions in 120 minutes for experimental group. The past-quest was executed after finishing training for two groups.
Results: The result using analysis of covariance showed that the difference between two groups on self–concept and the attitude toward narcotic drugs was significant at P < 0.5.
Conclusions: Therefore it can be resulted that cognitive–behavioral training is effective on self–concept and the changing of attitude toward narcotic drugs.

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