Cigarette Smoking among Iranian Adolescents


avatar Asghar Mohammadpoor Asl 1 , * , avatar Ali Fakhari 2 , avatar Fatemeh Rostami 3 , avatar Nosratollah Pourafkary 2

Lecturer of epidemiology, Department of Public Health, School of Health & Nutrition, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran, +98-4113357580-4-290, +98-4113340634
Department of Psychiatry Tabriz University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Tabriz, Iran
National Public Health Management Center(NPMC), Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

how to cite: Mohammadpoor Asl A, Fakhari A, Rostami F, Pourafkary N. Cigarette Smoking among Iranian Adolescents. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2007;1(1): 30-5.


Objective: Smoking is a worldwide health problem. Despite recent efforts to reduce the rate of smoking, adolescent smoking still remains a significant public health concern.
Current study was conducted to determine the effects of socio-environmental and personal factors on the smoking among adolescents.
Methods: In the first stage of a longitudinal study of smoking in adolescents, 1785 students in Tabriz city were randomly selected. A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect information about demographic characteristics and self-esteem of the subjects and their attitude towards smoking. Information was also gathered about the smoking habits of the subjects, their families and friends. The association of different variables with smoking was evaluated by a logistic regression model and Chi square test using SPSS.
Results: Mean age of the subjects was 16.3 ± 0.87 years. 77.4% of them reported that they never smoked. 18.2% had experimented the cigarette smoking at least once. But 4.4% said that they were regular smokers. Having a smoker family member (OR=1.40) or a smoker friend (OR=3.43) and a positive attitude toward smoking (OR=1.23) were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of smoking.
Conclusion: An educational program aimed at changing the attitude towards smoking may be a successful primary prevention method.


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© 2007, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.