Spiritual Development and Death Attitude in Female Patients with Type II Diabetes


avatar Masoumeh Nozari 1 , * , avatar Alireza Khalilian 2 , avatar Yarali Dousti 3

Sari Branch, Islamic Azad University, Sari, Iran
Psychiatry and Behavioral Research Center, Addiction Institute AND Department of Biostatistics, Mazandaran University of Medical Science, Sari, Iran
Department of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Sari Branch, Sari, Iran

how to cite: Nozari M, Khalilian A, Dousti Y. Spiritual Development and Death Attitude in Female Patients with Type II Diabetes. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci. 2014;8(3): 58-64.


Objective: The present study aimed to investigate the differences regarding spiritual development dimensions and death attitude profiles, and also to determinate association between them, in patients suffering from type II diabetes.
Methods: In a cross-sectional design study, 100 female outpatients who were suffering from type II diabetes were recruited in Imam Khomeini Hospital, Sari, Iran. Data were collected through two questionnaires including the Spiritual Assessment Inventory (SAI) and the Death Attitude Profile-Revised (DAPR). Analysis of the data involved analysis of covariance (ANCOVA) with the Fisher's Least Significant Difference (LSD) as post-hoc test plus the Pearson correlation.
Results: There was a statistical significant difference in spiritual development dimensions and death attitude profile. The results showed that spiritual development were significantly associated with some items of death attitude profiles.
Conclusion: Awareness of God was suitable in diabetic patients, but the quality of relationship with God indicated spiritually immature. It is necessary to provide instruction to improve patient's death attitude and following health behavior.
Declaration of interest: None.
Citation: Nozari M, Khalilian A, Dousti Y. Spiritual development and death attitude in female patients with type II diabetes. Iran J Psychiatry Behav Sci 2014; 8(3): 58-64.


Full text is available in the PDF.


  • 1.

    References are available in the PDF.

© 2014, Author(s). This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.