The Study of Children Poisoning in 3895 Patients Residing in Tehran

authors:

avatar Akbar Koushanfar 1 , * , avatar Mohammad Reza Boloorsaz 2

Department of Pediatrics, Loghman Hakim Medical Center, Iran
Department of Pediatrics, National Research Institute of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, Iran

how to cite: Koushanfar A, Boloorsaz M R. The Study of Children Poisoning in 3895 Patients Residing in Tehran. J Compr Ped.1(1): 52-54.

Abstract

Background: Poisoning is a health hazard in every country and is currently responsible for 7% of world mortalities and this proportion is predicted to rise. This study was performed to determine the incidence of unintentional children poisoning in Tehran.
Materials and Methods: This was a retrospective study which was performed in one year (2003). Clinical and para clinical investigations were performed including WBC count, BG, and determination of the blood level of drugs. Chest-x-ray was taken if needed.
Results: A total number of 3895 patients were admitted and investigated, out of which 3790 were out patients (97.3%). Most cases were at the age range of 2-3 years. 25% were under 6 years of age. kerosene was the most common cause of poisoning in 908 patients (23.5%)followed by whitening products (whitex) in 331 (8.5%) patients.
Conclusion: During the past years, morbidity and mortality due to infectious diseases have been controlled in Iran. However at present a high proportion of children are victims of unintentional poisoning because all age groups are at risk of poisoning. Since in most cases poisoning is preventable it must be considered as a priority in health control programs in Iran.

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