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Survey of modifiable risk factors for breast cancer in Tabriz's woman: A case- control study


avatar Mina Hosseinzadeh 1 , avatar Jamal‏ ‏ Eivazi Ziaei 2 , avatar Parvaneh Aghajari 3 , * , avatar Nader Mahdavi‎ 4 , avatar Shirin Barzanje Atri‎ 1 , avatar Mohammad Hasan ‏ ‏Sahebihagh‎ 1

1 Department of Community‏ ‏Health Nursing, School of Nursing‏ ‏and Midwifery, Tabriz ‎University‏ ‏of Medical Sciences, Tabriz‎, Iran

2 Department of Internal‏ ‏Medicine, School of Medicine,‎‏ ‏Tabriz University of Medical‏ ‏Sciences, Tabriz‎, Iran

3 Department of Pediatric Nursing,‎‏ ‏Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery,‎‏ ‏Tabriz University of ‎Medical‏ ‏Sciences, Tabriz, Iran

4 Department of Community‏ ‏Health Nursing, school of Nursing‏ ‏and Midwifery, Tabriz‏ ‏University‏ ‏of Medical Sciences, Tabriz‎, Iran

How to Cite: Hosseinzadeh M , Eivazi Ziaei J ‏, Aghajari P , Mahdavi‎ N , Barzanje Atri‎ S, et al. Survey of modifiable risk factors for breast cancer in Tabriz's woman: A case- control study. J Clin Res Paramed Sci. 2014;3(2):e82095.


Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences: 3 (2); e82095
Published Online: August 10, 2014
Article Type: Research Article
Received: January 08, 2014
Accepted: June 09, 2014


Background: Breast cancer is the most common cancer in the world wide women, and the major leading cause of cancer death among them. According to the increasing incidence of breast cancer in women and many related modifiable risk factors, the present study was to assess the modifiable risk factors of breast cancer in Tabriz.
Methods: A hospital-based case-control study was undertaken to identify breast cancer risk factors. The study consists of 140 cases confirmed on histopathology and 280 group matched controls without any malignancy, selected from clinics of Tabriz Imam Reza
Hospital. Data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics via SPSS software version 18.
Results: In multivariate analysis, educational level, food high in fat, passive smoker, stress and migration were associated with significantly increased risk for breast cancer. Breast feeding and eating sufficient amount of fruits and vegetables had protective role against breast cancer.
Conclusion: These findings suggest that life style factors such as nutrition and stress are considered as risk factors for breast cancer in Tabriz. Therefore, health worker’s more attention, especially nurses as the as the largest group of professional care system, to healthy lifestyle and providing education to change unhealthy lifestyle are recommended.


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© 2014, Journal of Clinical Research in Paramedical Sciences. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License ( which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.