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Comparing Efficacy of Implementing Two Teaching Methods Contract Learning and Traditional Instruction on Clinical Skills of Nursing Students in Psychiatric Wards of Hospitals of Tehran

AUTHORS

avatar Jamileh Mohtashami 1 , * , avatar F Noughani 2

1 Lecturer, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Shaheed Beheshti University of Medical Sciences and Health Services, IRAN

2 Lecturer, Faculty of Midwifery and Nursing Medical University of Tehran, IRAN

How to Cite: Mohtashami J , Noughani F. Comparing Efficacy of Implementing Two Teaching Methods Contract Learning and Traditional Instruction on Clinical Skills of Nursing Students in Psychiatric Wards of Hospitals of Tehran. J Med Edu. 2007;11(1 & 2):e105329.
doi: 10.22037/jme.v11i1,2.1029.

ARTICLE INFORMATION

Journal of Medical Education: 11 (1 & 2); e105329
Published Online: June 20, 2009
Article Type: Research Article
Received: June 20, 2009
Accepted: June 20, 2009
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Abstract

Background and purpose: A learning contract is defined as a written agreement between teacher and student which makes explicit what a learner will do to achieve specified learning outcomes.Learning contracts have been used as a teaching and learning strategy for both undergraduate and graduate nursing students in many countries.Methods : This research is a quasi-experimental study that compares effect of two different teaching methods , Contract learning and traditional on clinical skills for a group of nursing students who were in fourth year of study in a pre-registration bachelor of nursing degree program in Tehran . A learning contract was implemented as a learning tool in the students clinical placement in psychiatric nursing .Data were connected from questionnaires , interviews and clinical evaluation papers with students .Results : The results showed that students agreed that there was an increase in students autonomy and motivation in learning with the use of learning contract . It also increased the sharing between students and clinical instructors.Conclusion : According to the findings of this study , contract learning is considered beneficial to students learning and has the potential to be used in clinical learning .

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© 2007, Journal of Medical Education. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited.
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