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Investigation the Role of Medical Teacher in Education in Universities of Medical Sciences in the Country from the Viewpoint of Medical Teachers


avatar Hossein Jalahi 1 , * , avatar Shahram Yazdani 2 , avatar Ali Yazdanpanah 3

1 Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

2 Associate Professor, Shahid Beheshti University of Medical sciences, Tehran, Iran

3 Assistant Professor, Mazandaran University of Medical Sciences, Sari, Iran

How to Cite: Jalahi H, Yazdani S, Yazdanpanah A . Investigation the Role of Medical Teacher in Education in Universities of Medical Sciences in the Country from the Viewpoint of Medical Teachers. J Med Edu. 2015;14(3):e105467.
doi: 10.22037/jme.v14i3.10257.


Journal of Medical Education: 14 (3); e105467
Published Online: October 18, 2015
Article Type: Research Article
Received: October 12, 2015
Accepted: October 18, 2015


Background and purpose: Ideal education is obtained when excellence and promotion of faculty members (faculty development) considered in the university and it will not be possible unless the roles of faculty members (teachers) are explained in education. In addition, by extracting these roles we can reason a part of policies of conditional employment (contractual) and fixed employment, and theorize and reason their evaluation in order to promote and enhance.Methods: This study was done in two qualitative and quantitative stages. Qualitative stage is of content analysis type. Selection of participants was done based on the purpose. According to qualitative research method, open semi-structural interview was used which extracts the data. All interviews were handwritten word by word by the researcher. Same contents were in a group and each group was labeled based on its content meaning, which in this study the researcher named it the role of the professor. Ethical considerations were included in this research. In quantitative stage, in order to prioritize and the importance of extracted roles, a questionnaire was designed to achieve this important by the survey.Results: The study results are presented in two parts: 1. Qualitative study result 2. Quantitative study result, in qualitative study, 22 faculty members participated in the interview as participants. Extracted roles saturation occurred in 17th questionnaire analysis, but last role was obtained from 19th questionnaire. In this study 21 roles were extracted. In quantitative study (Poll) the questionnaire was completed by 85 faculty members from six Universities of Medical Sciences of our country. The variables were defined in SPSS software and the scores were averaged and their difference was calculated in each role.Conclusions: Of 21 extracted roles, the role of parents, God reminder, critic and Critique giver, learner and self-assessor are of the cases that the researcher in no publication faced with them as the role of the professor but in this study the participants considered them and in the survey they were important. Motivator role, manager and consultant were mentioned in some of the writings and in official form they were not included in the definition of medical teacher role. According to acquired scores of the roles in ideal conditions, it seems that developing and explaining the roles need new review.


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